CITIZENSHIP OF SAN MARINO
Citizenship in San Marino is obtained by birth when the father and mother are both San Marino citizens. When only a single parent is a citizen of San Marino, within 12 months after child reaches the age of 18, both parents must declare that they wish to choose the citizenship of the parent that is a citizen of San Marino.
Citizenship in San Marino is also obtained by birth in the Republic, in case both parents are unknown or stateless.
The children of all San Marino citizens of 18 years of age, who continue to reside in in the territory of San Marino for a minimum of 10 years, can obtain citizenship.
One of the requirements to obtain this citizenship is good conduct; the applicant must not have been convicted of a criminal offence domestically or abroad, moreover, the applicant must not have been charged with a prison penalty or interdiction for over 1 year.
In cases of naturalization, citizenship is awarded to a foreign person by the Grand and General Council with legal provisions to be passed with a qualified two-thirds majority.
At the approval time of the legal provision, it is necessary that the applicant appear in the Registry Office for resident inhabitants and must not have been convicted of a criminal offence (unpremeditated) in the Republic or abroad, the applicant must not have been charged with a prison penalty or interdiction for over 1 year.
To obtain citizenship it is necessary to renounce any other citizenship and to have effectively continued to reside in the Republic for at least 30 years.
Foreigners residing in the Republic from birth can request naturalization when one of the parents or relatives up to the 2nd degree has maintained continuous residence in the Republic for 30 years. Citizenship obtained by naturalization may also be passed on to children of minor age.
In case of residence abroad, the applicant must appear before the appropriate authorities accompanied with all relevant documents and the authorities will then forward the documentation to the Registrar.
The following is a list of documentation that is required in order to apply successfully for a Passport of San-Marino.
- Certificate of nationality (or of statelessness)
- Birth Certificate
- Certificate of residence
- Certificate of enjoyment of civil capacity
- Police Certificate of good conduct
- Certificate of pending charges (or equivalent document)
- 2 passport photos, including 1 certified